In the oil and natural gas sector, the most prevalent types of compressors used are reciprocating and centrifugal compressors. ... In the production segment, compressors are used at the wellhead to compress gas for fluids removal and pressure equalization with gathering equipment systems.
Mechanical devices which reduce the volume of a gas in a bid to increase its pressure are known as compressor equipment.
These machines are used during the initial treatment of crude oil before the gas is transported through pipelines, supply chain, to the final consumers.
In the same vein, the increase in pressure can be carried out along the pipelines, at processing plants field nodes, or the inlets of the pipelines in order to reduce Methane and VOC.
TYPES OF COMPRESSORS USED IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY
1. ROTARY COMPRESSORS:
Rotary compressors are of two major types and these are the rotary blower and centrifugal compressor.
2. RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR:
Reciprocating compressor equipment used in the oil and gas industry, exhibit a linear motion when increasing the pressure in natural gas.
They are the most commonly used in natural gas compressors because they can handle all volume capacities and pressures. In comparison with rotary compressors, they have a varying volumetric flow-rate output which could still be limited.
APPLICATIONS OF COMPRESSOR EQUIPMENT IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY
1. PETROLEUM REFINING
2. PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION
3. GAS RE-INJECTION
4. PETROCHEMICAL SYNTHESIS
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